The Government of India has initiated a number of social security schemes to boost the financial stability of its citizens and to reinforce the economic development of the nation.
These social security schemes have huge significance for the masses since it not only ensures a comfortable future but also a sense of security.
Here’s a list of government schemes:-
1. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is a small scale savings scheme for your daughter’s education and marriage. It’s a part of government’s ‘Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao mission’.
The government through this scheme wants to convey a message that if a parent could make a proper plan for their girl child, they can definitely improve and secure their daughter’s future.
Brigham Young said-
For whom– The scheme is suitable for every parent with a girl child with the aim of channelizing savings for their education and marriage.
Eligibility– Suitable for your daughter up to 10 years of age
Costs involved– Annual contribution ranges from a minimum of Rs 1000 to a maximum of Rs 150000.
Benefits– Provides an annualized return of 8.1%
2. National Pension Scheme
It’s a voluntary pension scheme introduced with an aim of fulfilling retirement needs. It is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority (PFRDA) which provides the tax benefits for investment up to Rs 50,000 under section 80CCD in addition to Rs 150000 under section 80C. Hence, your total annual deduction comes to Rs 200000.
For whom– It is ideal for individuals who do not have anyone to look after them post-retirement.
Eligibility– Suitable for individuals between 18 to 60 years of age
Costs involved– The minimum contribution is Rs 1000 while there is no cap on the maximum contribution.
Benefits– Fulfills your retirement need and also offer a tax benefit
3. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
This is suitable for the economically weaker sections of the society who do not even have a bank account. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana offers basic financial services like a Savings Account, Deposit Account, Insurance, Pension, Remittances etc.
For whom- For individuals who do not have any access to basic financial services. It is suitable for individuals working in an unorganized sector.
Eligibility– Anyone belonging to the weaker section of the society.
Costs involved-There are no minimum and maximum contributions for this scheme.
Benefits– It provides zero balance savings account, debit card facility and accident and life cover of Rs 100000 and Rs 30000 respectively.
4. Public Provident Fund (PPF)
It’s a government-backed long-term savings scheme which aims to benefit self-employed people to save for their retirement. It offers tax benefit under 80 C of the Income-Tax Act and provides a tax-free return on maturity. You can also open PPF account for your wife and children.
For whom- Suitable for salaried class people and small business owners.
Eligibility– Any adult can open the account on his or her own name or on behalf of a minor.
Costs involved– Annual contribution ranges from a minimum contribution of Rs 500 to a maximum of Rs 1,50,000.
Benefits– Tax-free interest on maturity and provides an annualized return of 7.6%
5. National Savings Certificate (NSC)
National Savings Certificate is a small scale saving and tax savings investment in India. It is a government savings bond issued for a time period of five and ten years and is very popular among the rural masses
You can purchase this bond from any Post Office in India and can be kept as collateral security to get a loan from banks.
For whom- Suitable for Government employees, Businessmen and other salaried classes who are Income Tax assesses.
Eligibility- Any adult can open the account on his or her own name or on behalf of the minor.
Costs involved- Minimum investment can be Rs 100 and investment up to INR 1,00,000/- per annum qualifies for IT Rebate under section 80C
Benefits- Provides annualized return of 7.6% and qualifies for IT rebate under 80C.
6. Atal Pension Yojana
Atal Pension Yojana, a government backed pension scheme intended to provide pension benefits with a minimum contribution per month. This scheme is targeted to the unorganised sector and provides pension benefits with a minimum contribution per month.
Under this social security scheme, for every contribution made to the pension fund, the Central Government would also co-contribute 50% of the total contribution or 1,000 per annum, whichever is lower, to each eligible subscriber account, for a period of 5 years. But the subscriber has to contribute for a period of 20 years or more under this scheme.
It was introduced to help the low-income group of the society like maids, drivers or security guards. Upon the death of the contributor, the nominee can claim for the accumulated corpus or pension money.
For whom- It’s for people under the low-income group or who’s not a part of the tax bracket
Eligibility- Suitable for all individuals between 18 to 40 years of age
Costs involved- For a monthly pension of Rs 1,000, an 18-year-old will have to contribute Rs 42 per month for 42 years while a 40-year-old subscriber will have to invest Rs 291 per month for 20 years
Benefits- Provides fixed monthly pension between Rs 1000 to Rs 5000 post retirement
7. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
It is a life insurance scheme backed by the Government of India. It was introduced in the 2015 budget by our finance minister, Arun Jaitley. This scheme aims to increase the number of insurers in India which is currently very low.
For whom- It’s for an individual who is the sole earning member of the family and have dependents under him/her
Eligibility- Anybody who has a bank account and falls under the age group between 18 to 50 years can avail the scheme
Cost involved- The premium is Rs 330 every year
Benefits- It ensures a term insurance cover of Rs 200000 to the dependants in case of the policyholder’s death.
All the options discussed above are widely known and ensure safety with reasonable returns. So you can choose to invest in one or more of the schemes for your social security need.
These social security schemes cater to various strata of the society and offer different returns. So think wisely before investing in any of the mentioned schemes to optimize your returns and tax benefits.
Take care and keep learning!