Just like in a game of Cricket, a player can really play very well if he understands the psychology of the bowler rather than simply keeping an eye on the ball. In the same way, if we analyse the mentality of buyers and sellers, we will be able to trade more efficiently and effectively in market, than by simply looking at the price.
In order to tackle this problem, we should look for volume based indicator which tells us about the pocket of strength and where the big money is actually flowing. When we talk about Volume based indicator, the first name that comes to our mind is Accumulation Distribution Line (ADL). Click here to do NSE Academy Certified Technical Analysis course to learn basics of Technical Analysis and also various trading strategies.
Accumulation Distribution Line (ADL) is a volume-based indicator, developed by Marc Chaikin which is designed to measure the cumulative flow of money into and out of a security. Chartists often can use this indicator to know about security’s underlying trend or anticipate reversals when the indicator diverges from the security price.
There are basically three steps in calculating Accumulation Distribution Line (ADL) which are as follows-
1. Calculate Money Flow Multiplier.
Money Flow Multiplier = [(Close – Low) – (High – Close)] /(High – Low)
2. Multiply the above value by volume to find the Money Flow Volume
Money Flow Volume = Money Flow Multiplier x Volume for the Period
3. Maintain a running total of Money Flow Volume to form the Accumulation Distribution Line (ADL)
ADL = Previous ADL + Current Period’s Money Flow Volume
The Money Flow Multiplier actually fluctuates between +1 and -1. When the close is in the upper half of the high-low range, the multiplier is positive, which indicates that buying pressure is intense and much stronger than selling pressure. On the other hand, When the close is in the lower half of the high-low range, the multiplier is negative, which indicates that selling pressure is stronger than buying pressure. The ADL line falls when the multiplier is negative and rises when the multiplier is positive.
How to trade using Accumulation Distribution Line (ADL)?
We should look for stocks where the Accumation Distribution Line (ADL) is above zero.
Let’s take an example to understand this. Below is the chart of Aptech ltd., which was trading above zero from quite a long time. After making a fresh high, the stock went into consolidation and gave little correction as seen from the downtrend resistance. The scenario was very similar as with Accumulation Distribution Line. The break above the resitance line led to massive buying in the stock which was also confirmed by rising MACD line.
Chartist also add moving average to Accumation Distribution Line (ADL) to filter their trades. Moreover, one should not add ADL in isolation, rather it should be used in junction with other technical parameters for confirmed signals.